How to Use Indirect Object Pronouns Spanish

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Spanish is one of the most common languages ​​spoken globally, with over 400 million speakers worldwide.

Therefore, it’s no surprise that many people want to pick up Spanish as a second or even third language to communicate with other Spanish speakers, travel to Spanish-speaking countries with ease, and experience classic literature and music by Latin artists in their native language.

Spanish has many similarities to English, as both languages ​​stem from Latin roots. However, there are also many ways in which Spanish and English differ, besides the obvious fact that each language uses different words to describe various objects and concepts.

Spanish has some very specific grammatical rules that can often be difficult for native English speakers to pick up at first.

Though certain aspects of Spanish grammar can seem confusing to those learning the language for the first time, most grammatical rules in Spanish have an English counterpart. Take the reflexive pronouns Spanish speakers use, for example.

Since it may have been a while since your last English class, let’s take a moment to remember what reflexive pronouns are. In English, reflexive pronouns are typically words ending in the suffix -self or -selves that are used in sentences where the subject and the object are the same.

As an example, in the sentence, “She believes in herself,” the reflexive pronoun is “herself,” and “her” is both the subject and the object.

There are many different ways in which to describe the subject of a sentence, and there is a reflexive pronoun to suit every situation. Luckily, the reflexive pronouns Spanish speakers use according to their own grammatical rules are very similar. The nine reflexive pronouns you’ll find in the English language are:

  • Yourself
  • Myself
  • Herself
  • Himself
  • Itself
  • Oneself
  • Yourself
  • Ourselves
  • Themselves

Now that you have a good understanding of the role of reflexive pronouns in English let’s take a look at some reflexive verbs Spanish examples as well as reflexive Spanish pronouns.

What are Reflexive Pronouns in Spanish?

The reflexive pronouns Spanish speakers incorporate into their sentences serve a similar purpose to their English counterparts, but the sentence structure will look slightly different than what you’re used to as an English speaker.

That’s why it’s so important to start with simple grammatical concepts when learning a new language to get a feel for the way sentences and phrases are usually constructed. Then, you can gradually work your way up to more complex concepts like the reflexive verbs Spanish examples will sometimes include.

The reflexive pronouns Spanish speakers use will indicate that something or someone is doing an action for or to itself. One typical scenario in which reflexive sentences in Spanish will be used is the example of activities being performed as someone’s daily routine or a part of a personal care ritual.

Let’s take a look at an example of reflexive pronouns Spanish style and English style in the same sentence. Look closely at how the sentences are constructed with the subjects and objects being placed in different orders depending on the language being used.

  • I shower each morning.
  • Me ducho cada mañana.

In each sentence, the subject is the person speaking, which is represented by “I” or “Me.” Though this sentence may not be considered to have an English reflexive pronoun as it doesn’t contain a word ending in -self or -selves, the English version of the sentence is simply a translation.

The original Spanish sentence contains the phrase “Me ducho,” which is a noun/conjugated verb combination that is considered to be one of the common reflexive pronouns Spanish speakers use.

Phina Pipia

Phina Pipia is a writer, educator, and performer. Her work can be found at phinapipia.com.

Phina Pipia

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