Sikhye (Rice Punch) – Korean Bapsang

Sikh is a traditional non-alcoholic Korean drink made from cooked barley and rice. It’s refreshingly sweet and salty!

What is Sikhism?

Commonly known as a rice drink or rice punch, Sikh (식혜) is a traditional non-alcoholic Korean drink made from barley malt (yeotgireum, 엿기름) and cooked rice. It is sweet and has a unique subtle taste of malt.

Sikhism is usually served as a dessert drink as it is known to aid digestion. It is a drink traditionally enjoyed on traditional holidays, such as Chuseok and Seollal, after heavy eating. You may also have seen it served after a meal as a free drink in some restaurants.

This refreshing drink is very popular as a thirst quencher on summer days. Semi-frozen Sikh slaw is very good to chill with. Also, Sikh is the drink of choice in jjimjilbang (Korean sauna/bath), and is enjoyed after sweating in a hot sauna.

You can easily find canned sikhism in Korean markets, but there is no such thing as homemade sikhism. It takes time at home, but it’s mostly waiting time. The process is easy!

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Sikhism components

The basic ingredients of Sikhism are barley malt (yeotgireum), cooked short-grain rice or sweet rice (glutinous rice), water, and sugar.

Yeotgireum is malt that is germinated/sprouted and dried through a fermentation process. It is one of the main components of gochujang. Barley malt usually comes in two different varieties in Korea. The first type is coarsely ground/crushed with the scales set, and the other type is peeled and ground into a white powder. You can use either type to create Sikhism. You can also use bagged barley malt, if it is also available.

A bag of yeotgireum goes a long way. It’s usually 500 grams, and I make 2 batches (about 20 cups/5 liters/5 liters per batch) of sikhism with it. You can make 3 smaller batches if you like.

How to make Sikhism

The sikh making process largely consists of 3 steps – making barley water, soaking cooked rice in barley water at a warm temperature for hours, and boiling everything together for a brief period.

Making barley water

Soak barley malt in warm water to extract the carbohydrates, enzymes, and flavor. Yeotgireum powder (coarse or fine) does not take long to rehydrate and release the contents of the grain. There are two ways to make filtered barley water – a cheesecloth bag (or nut milk bag) or a fine sieve.

Using a cheesecloth bag (or nut milk bag): This is the easiest way. Simply place the barley in the bag, then place the bag in 12 cups of warm water for 20 to 30 minutes. Then massage and squeeze the cyst to extract the milky fluid until the fluid is possible.

Leave the barley water for 15 to 20 minutes so that some of the sediment can settle to the bottom. Some people leave it on for longer (sometimes for hours) to get a very clear liquid, which is fine if you like your sikhism to be clear. Personally, I like to preserve the flavor and nutritional content of barley malt.

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Using a fine strainer: Simply place the barley in a large bowl with 12 cups of warm water, and let it sit for 20 to 30 minutes. Rub the barley between the palms of the hand and squeeze the milky liquid. Filter the liquid through a fine strainer. Next, squeeze the barley husks with your hands to drain the remaining liquid through a sieve.

Let the barley water sit for a while. See the gauze bag method above.

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Consumer barley still has a lot of potential. Put the bag (or the remaining barley husks if you used a sifter) in another 12 cups of warm water and repeat the process to make more barley water. The rice cooker or instant pot is not large enough for 20 plus cups. Barley water remaining in the boiling stage can be added below.

marinating

Mix the barley water with the cooked rice and keep it warm at around 140-150°F (60-65°C). This step allows the enzymes (amylase) in barley to break down the starch in the rice into sugars (maltose) to form a sweet, sweet liquid.

Electric rice cooker: Since almost every Korean home has an electric rice cooker with a “keep warm” function, Koreans usually use a rice cooker for this step.

When are you ready for the next step? The rule of thumb is it’s ready when about 10 rice grains float to the top. Another test is to rub a grain of rice between your thumb and index finger, the grain should roll like a piece of yarn and not the slippery starchy grain. This means that the starch in the rice has been converted into sugar.

This step can take about 4 hours or more, depending on the barley and your rice cooker. In my old 10-cup electric pressure cooker, it only took 3.5 hours.

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Sikh Instant Pot: For those of you who don’t have a rice cooker with the Keep Warm function, I also tested it in the Instant Pot with the Keep Warm function. It works great!

If you don’t have either, my oven on the “warm” setting works fine too.

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boiling

The last step is to boil the malt and rice liquid. You can simply boil it in the rice cooker or in the instant pot you used for the soaking if that’s all you want to make of sikhism. But I’m moving to a stock pot so I can add the extra reserved barley water.

While it is boiling, add some sugar to taste. I also like to add a few slices of ginger to add another layer of flavor but not enough to overcome the rancid flavour.

Differences

Danhobak Sikhye

In Korea, Sikhism made with danhobak, 단호박, and (kabocha) is very popular. I first tried homemade danhobak sikhye at a traditional market, called Kkangtong Sijang (깡통), in Busan many years ago. Since then, this has been my favorite. You can simply cook the whole kabocha in the microwave, mashing it in a blender or using an immersion blender before adding it to the simmering skewer.

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Sikhism purple sweet potato

This is my last discovery. I added some purple sweet potato powder that I had and liked the color and taste. Simply add two or three tablespoons (or as desired) to the boiling stage. It’s good to have a bag of sweet potato powder. I use it to color seungpyeon naturally as well as love it in my latte.

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How to serve Sikhism

In Korean homes, sikhism is usually served in a small bowl with floating rice grains as well as slices of pine nuts and jujube in some cases. To make the rice grains float, they should be rinsed with water and kept separate until ready to serve. This is only for visual appeal and has nothing to do with the taste of Sikhism.

You can also freeze it halfway through, break it up with a spoon or fork, and enjoy it like a skewered slaw.

Storage

Sikhs keep good in the refrigerator for 5 to 6 days or longer, depending on your refrigerator. To be safe, you can boil it again after 5 or 6 days or freeze it for longer storage. I am also testing packaged. I sterilized the jars, poured sikhs in them, boiled hot, to the brim, and immediately closed. I’ll keep the jars in the fridge for several weeks, and let you know if it works.

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Sikhism (Punch rice)

Sweets and drinks

Preparation time: 10 Minutes

Cooking time: 4 hours 30 Minutes

Spare time: 1 hour

stakes: 20

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ingredients

Variations (20 cups of Sikhism)

instructions

Making barley water (choose one of the two methods below)

marinating

  • Carefully pour the barley water into the rice pot, leaving the sediment at the bottom. Add the cooked rice if it is not cooked in the rice cooker. Stir to combine the barley water with the cooked rice. Close the lid and press the “keep warm” setting.

  • After about 4 hours, open the lid and check if about 10 grains of rice are floating on top. It could be so much more. If not, close it and leave it on for another 30 minutes to 1 hour (or more) as necessary. A grain of rice between your thumb and forefinger, the grain should roll like a piece of string, not a slippery starchy grain, when it’s ready.

Instant Pot Option

  • You are basically doing the same steps above for a rice cooker. Start cooking rice in the Instant Pot using the rice function. Stir it and then gently add the barley water. Close the lid, and press the “keep warm” button. Open and check in 4 hours. If there are about 10 rice grains, then it is ready to boil. This is the lower point, and it can be more grains floating and more hours. You can simply boil it in the instant pot with fried It works if that’s all you want to make of Sikhism.

Differences

  • Danhobak sikhye: Simply cook whole kabocha in the microwave (about 10 minutes) until soft to touch, remove the skin, and mash the pulp in a blender or using a blender with 2 cups of barley water or skewered.

  • Sikhism purple sweet potato: Simply add 3 tablespoons of purple sweet potato powder (or to taste) while skewer is simmering.

Storage

  • Sikhs keep good in the refrigerator for 5 to 6 days or longer, depending on your refrigerator. To be safe, you can boil it again for a few minutes after 5 or 6 days or freeze it in freezer bags for longer storage.

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